Category Archives: 1. Exploring the Field – Research

Dadaism – Research Notes

The Dadaist Manifesto was written in 1918 but the movement’s origins were earlier, in 1916, as artists began to react against the society they felt had led them into the First World War. Hugo Ball founded the Cabaret Voltaire in … Continue reading

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Surrealism – Research Notes

In Paris, the poet André Breton had been influenced by some of the ideas of the Dadaist movement but he saw a need for more positive action in questioning the values of society. In 1924, he published the Surrealist Manifesto. … Continue reading

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Automatism – Research Notes

Automatism is often associated with the Dadaist and Surrealist movements when artists were beginning to look at ways to side-step the conscious mind and access the subconscious. The idea can, however, be traced to myths about the beginning of painting … Continue reading

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Gwen John – Research Notes

Gwen John (1876-1939) was the sister of Augustus John (1878 -1961). She studied at the Slade School of Art for three years before visiting Paris in 1898 and studying at Whistler’s Académie Carmen. After returning to London for several years … Continue reading

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Amedeo Modigliani – Research Notes

Amedeo Modigliani (1884 -1920) was born in Italy but worked mainly in Paris. By 1902/1903 he was enrolled in the Academies of Fine Art in Florence and Venice. His style was influenced by studying Renaissance Masters of the Venetian, Florentine … Continue reading

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Early Medieval Art – Research Notes

The Middle Ages in Europe can be broadly defined as the period between the end of antiquity in 5th century and the Renaissance, or rebirth, of classical learning in the 15th and 16th centuries. Petrarch, the 14th century poet and … Continue reading

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Polychrome Sculpture – Research Notes

The Eastern Roman (Byzantine) Empire was founded in AD 330 by Constantine the first Christian emperor of Rome. The Empire foundered in 1453 when Constantinople was captured by the Turks and, as the renamed Istanbul, became the capital of the … Continue reading

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